• “Observation Oriented Modeling. introduces readers to an alternative methodology that can enhance the analysis of data. It also reminds readers that fundamental questions related to cause and effect and the interpretation of data extend beyond the conventional randomized control group design. Although one would hope for a greater review of the mathematical foundations of these statistics, the overall tone of the book can inspire readers to further delve into these complex matters.”PsycCRITIQUES
  • “James Grice’s timely and important book is a methodological tour de force. It marshals a number of telling criticisms of the traditional variable-centered approach to behavioral research and offers a methodologically coherent alternative in the form of Observation Oriented Modeling. Appropriately grounded in a realist philosophy, observation oriented modeling is a person-centered methodology that enables the researcher to effectively test causal hypotheses and theories by using purpose-constructed software. The book will be an instructive companion for graduate students and professional researchers alike. Behavioral researchers need to be apprised of the limitations of their orthodox methodology and provided with an alternative that promises to advance our psychological knowledge of people. Grice’s ground-breaking book does both in a highly accomplished fashion.”–Professor Brian Haig, University of Canterbury
  • “A learned, detached examination of the well springs of modern psychology. As a university discipline, psychology came into its own in the early part of the twentieth century in the shadow of the positivism of the Vienna Circle. To the extent that psychology has been colored by the shallowness of positivism, it has been disadvantaged in both theory and in practice. A philosophy which effectively limits scientific inquiry to description and prediction has little explanatory power. Grice shows clearly the limitations of such a method and argues for a return to the common sense realism of Aristotle and its recognition of the explanatory value of the metaphysical concept of human nature and irs role in causal explanation. Rarely since the work of Mortimer Adler has there been such an indepth study of the philosophical bias of much contemporary research in psychology.”–Jude P. Dougherty, Editor. Review of Metaphysics
  • Reviews from several readers can be found on
  • Dennis Bury offered an extensive review of OOM in a 2012 issue of The Constructivist Interventionist newsletter. Here’s a snippet from the review:
    “Putting cause back into the equation is James Grice’s intention and it is what marks this book out as distinctively different from the average ‘primer’ to add to the mile-high pile which exist in print and also on the net to make the subject intelligible to the commoner. It is a book about where psychological science has gone astray. Is it just a rant? Far from it. Each step is evidenced by quotation from the various contrary voices strewn about in the history of statistics…The book is full of incisive commentary which goes into the small print of statistics as most of us have known it. The work is so erudite with massive evidence in support of the various contentions that it’s something that has to be read and re-read – no escaping that, sorry. I do hope it wins its battle, for it is a polemic treatise, not only as revenge for years of un-thoughtful cook-book statistics, but the herald of an alternative vision” (p. 6-7).